Why Do We Yawn And Why Is It Contagious?

girl yawning

Everybody does it. Sometimes it’s early in the morning, sometimes it’s the middle of the day and your at work or school and sometimes it’s at night. So what actually causes us to yawn?

Yawning is an involuntary action and once you start it’s pretty hard to stop yourself. A yawn is a coordinated movement of the thoracic muscles in the chest, diaphragm, larynx in the throat and palate in the mouth. It coats the lungs with a wetting agent (surfactant) to coat the alveoli (tiny air sacs) in the lungs. We generally cannot yawn on command and it is triggered by neurotransmitters in the hypothalamus of the brain.

Surprisingly even with all the time, science and technology we have today there isn’t a definitive answer! Yes believe it or not, we STILL don’t know exactly why we yawn! There are several leading theories but there aren’t any proven facts that highlight one above others.

Let’s go through a few of the main theories.

Yawning Gives Us More Oxygen And Releases Carbon Dioxide

There are theories on this benefiting the respiratory and circulatory system. Could we need more oxygen in our lungs or do we need to expel more carbon dioxide that has been building up?

Modern day evidence makes it seem unlikely that yawning is a function of the respiratory system though. The circulatory system however could be affected by yawning to increase blood pressure, heart rate and oxygen in the blood thus improving alertness and motor functions.

Yawning Cools The Brain

Recent studies have suggested that yawning could be related to brain temperature (Gallup and Gallup, 2008). Basically when the brain goes beyond the normal temperature, yawning could cool the brain. This may involve the body’s cooler blood flowing into the brain and warm blood circulating out through the jugular vein.

An odd contradictory in my opinion is that you are more likely to yawn in colder temperatures such as winter than in the warmer summer which I’d expect the opposite considering the environments temperature should affect a body as well.

Yawning Stretches The Lungs And Lubricates Them

The idea here is that stretching and yawning may be a way to flex the muscles, joints, increase your heart rate and feel more awake.

Along with this is the theory that yawning is a protective reflex that redistributes surfactant (oily substance) that helps lubricate the lungs and keep them from collapsing. This is supposed to suggest that if we didn’t yawn, taking deep breaths would become increasingly more difficult as time goes on.

Yawning Indicates A Change In Behavioral State

This would be associated with the change from wakefulness to sleep or boredom to alertness for example. This could potentially have a correlation with physical states as well, such as going from exercising or doing some activity like walking to sitting in a chair and not moving much for an extended period of time.

group yawning

So How Come Yawning Is Contagious?

This is an extremely interesting concept and one that tends to be true. If you are in a classroom or in a group of people somewhere and you visibly yawn, more than likely other people will yawn within 5 minutes of you. Even thinking about yawning can start to trigger this contagion.

One idea is that it is a physical signal that our bodies are saying it’s time to sleep or get up kind of like an internal 24 hour clock. If one person is yawning and then other people start yawning because of it, then they all may go to sleep around the same time and thus have a synchronized cycle.

Conclusion

The truth regarding yawning is that it is still a mystery. Even after all the time passed and resources available to us, we still don’t know everything about the eluded “yawn”. Most the theories seem logical and possible so it’s very interesting that a large scale official study has not been conducted to get the 100% correct scientific truth.

For now I’ll just say we yawn because our bodies are telling us we need more sleep to function properly, but that’s just me!

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Scam Phone Calls Impersonating Microsoft/Windows Team For Your Credit Card Information

The Microsoft/Windows team wants to specifically call me?!

I sure must be fortunate and it’s a good thing Microsoft takes the time to call each individual customer on the phone to address potential problems! Oh wait, no they don’t do that…

Ladies and gentleman, please be aware that this happens daily and sadly enough some people are uninformed or are tragically taken advantage of because of their level of trust.

Computer Hacker

Likelihood Of Authenticity

Microsoft or anyone from the Windows team would not and will not ever call you to speak with you about an individual problem.

Furthermore they will never ask for your credit card or personal information so don’t be foolish and give it out regardless of how convinced you are that they are trying to remedy a problem with your computer system.

The reason I’m writing this post is because today for the second time I’ve received a call from someone pretending to be from the “Windows Live” team. The first occurred probably around a year ago but both calls ended the same way.

I work in IT. I’m a geek by passion and techie by nature. As soon as I hear someone on the phone saying they are from any large company and have noticed something with my particular machine I instantly grin and try and hold back my laughter.

Do You Really Think I’m That Stupid?

The truth is that many people aren’t necessarily stupid, but are unaware or uneducated on the plausibility of this scenario. This simply will NEVER legitimately occur. Now this goes for almost all “random” phone calls where the end result is someone asking for your credit card to fix a problem. Don’t fall for it.

This is still a prominent issue today because there are a lot of people that do in fact believe it’s real and do give out their credit card information in hopes of the mysterious problem being solved.

A Real Life Example

This is a true story that unfortunately happened to a colleague of mine. He got a call from his wife at home who exclaimed that there was a major issue on one of their computers but luckily the windows team called her and informed her of the problem. Yes, she fell for it.

Right away my colleague asked shockingly if she gave out their credit card information. “Yes I did and the problem has been solved “, she retorted. Queue the smack on the forehead, rolling eyes and unending head shake.

You have to keep in mind that some things are obvious to people involved in a particular field or expertise but others just don’t know, and when they hear that they’ve caused a problem they are usually eager to fix it.

Confused Woman

Back To My Story

Now my two calls were identical and probably the same script my colleagues wife heard.

First an odd caller ID such as “v31702460400001″ comes up, and the number in one of my cases was 1-253-802-0308.

“Hello? I am from the Windows Live team and I’m calling about a problem with one of your computers”. To be honest I haven’t ever heard what they say after that because I can’t help but burst out with, “No your not. Microsoft wouldn’t call someone individually about a problem.”

From there the person on the other end will search their brain for the next words to say, perhaps saying they didn’t understand or couldn’t hear me. I continue on with my allegations that they are a scammer trying to steal from people and need to get a life earning an income legitimately. I’ll start asking for their personal information even though they’ll probably lie and it wouldn’t help much anyway since I doubt the authorities would ever take it seriously and devote time to resolving this repeat issue.

That’s right about where they hang up.

Oddly enough after the call today, 10 minutes later I got a pre-recorded call from 1-250-881-1305 regarding reducing credit card debt etc. If it’s a coincidence or non-related it makes no difference to me as I just hang up on this spam.

icoExclamationBig

Conclusion

Moral of the story is to be logical and never give out your information to anyone who calls you. A few tip offs might be that the Caller ID is numeric or odd, that the caller claims to be from a massive corporation, and not to sound racist but in my two cases just happened to have a foreign accent. Share this with friends and family because chances are, there’s a bunch of them that are just too trusting and will fall for this scam.

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Street Painter Has Mad Skills – Spray Painting A Masterpiece

Nature Spray Painting

Some people are talented and can draw/paint. Some people spend hours upon hours to make a creation worthy of sale. Some people make mistakes and keep trying to fix them in order to get the final product desired.

This guy can make an unbelievable painting within a few minutes using spray-paint!

The result is absolutely stunning and I want this painting as the centre piece in my living room. Props to this guy for being the most underestimated artist working the streets.

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Law Student Beats Police Verbally

Law Student

This is fairly impressive even if a little ridiculous. This over zealous guy is approached by police because of bystanders calling in a report of a man with a gun and he retorts with a knowledgeable and aggressive attitude but still being polite.

He wasn’t necessarily rude, he simply knows his stuff and probably doesn’t like cops too much!

Either way he definitely gets the upper hand over the police.

Check out the video:

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Meteorite Hits Russia – Shatters Windows And Causes Bright Flash

There is an asteroid that’s going to be passing by Earth today and it just so happens a random meteor plummeted to Russia.

meteor

Apparently windows got blown out from this! Good thing there aren’t any recorded fatalities but still more than 500 are injured. Local residents and astronomers were taken by surprise because they didn’t expect this piece of rock to hit.

For the last 10 years there has been many programs dedicated to finding the objects whose trajectory lines up with our planet, but sometimes some whiz right by surprising everyone. There are lots of space agencies working to track meteors, comets and asteroids classified as Near-Earth Objects. NASA’s NEO program hopes to spot at least 90% of the estimated 1000 asteroids and comets larger than 1 kilometre on track to approach Earth.

The problem is that even if that upper 90% is spotted there are 10% that will fly by undetected. Here’s to hoping they don’t miss another one that breaches our atmosphere.

The asteroid that is expected to streak by Earth is known as Asteroid 2012 DA14 and has been followed for months now.

It is reported to be a complete coincidence that this asteroid is to pass by today and a rogue meteor flew by on the same day. “This is rare. There hasn’t been one like this in a long time,” says Randy Attwood, the senior editor of SpaceRef.ca.

Luckily even though meteor material rains down on our planet daily most of it is dust and happens in uninhabited areas.

“I suspect this one was the size of an SUV,” Attwood said. “It’s not huge, but as it hit the atmosphere going tens of kilometres a second, it created an enormous shock wave.” The meteor would have been travelling much faster than the speed of sound, Attwood says, so it created a sonic boom that caused windows to shatter.

It just happens to be that the last major meteor to hit a populated area was also in Russia in 1908. This meteor was called the “Tunguska event” and leveled trees across a 100 kilometre range without harming anyone. It was about 30-40 metres wideand considered to be the largest impact event in recorded history on Earth.

Astronomers will be analyzing  the composition of today’s meteor to learn more about it’s origins among other scientific research.

Check out the video:

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Cure For Cancer Found In Canada – Dichloroacetate (DCA)

This is one of the most ground breaking things imaginable with a certain impact if it came to fruition. The cure for cancer. Yet why have we not heard much about it?

breast cancer

One of the most feared things a doctor could tell you, is that you have cancer. For most this means you completely tune out every other word the doctor says and your mind goes racing into another dimension. You probably think about your life, the things you have and have not done. The road ahead of you to attempt to combat this horrible disease. Maybe even the costs and potential debt you or your family may accrue from the dreaded C word.

There are many different types of cancer and they can invade almost every part of the human body. As a society we have been fighting it forever and shelling out millions of dollars into potential cures and research. Even former United States president Richard Nixon declared war on cancer in 1971. This is a serious and seemingly unending battle.

What if the cure was readily available? Better yet, what if it only cost pennies?!

That’s exactly what a Dr. Michelakis and his team at the University of Alberta are claiming. The drug, dichloroacetate (DCA) can alter the metabolism of cancer cells and thus causes them to age and be destroyed. It’s important to note that it kills the cancer cells but only the bad ones. Michelakis have been researching the effects of DCA on non-human subjects since 2007. It has been proven successful and consistently reduced the cancerous cells. Since then, and perhaps more importantly the team has accomplished the same results in human trials. This project is in desperate need of funding to make it a wide spread available treatment and the likely candidates: the pharmaceutical companies are not interested as there isn’t millions of dollars to be made.

It’s sad that something this useful comes down to greed but that is exactly the case. The drug does not have a patent and therefore anyone can manufacture it without paying a fee and furthermore the drug is so cheap to make it costs pennies! This from a business point of view is not profitable and thus not worth investing in.

From a life stand point it is INVALUABLE

We are so close but yet so far from banishing the leading cause of death in Canada and other countries around the world. A 2011 report from Cancer.org claims that 40% of woman and 45% of men in Canada will develop cancer during their lifetimes. That is ASTRONOMICAL. It’s estimated that 177, 800 new cases of cancer and 75, 000 deaths from cancer occur each year in Canada.

All I can hope for is someone generous to step up to plate and realize how little money means in comparison to a true cure.

 

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Google Plus More Popular Than Twitter – Google+ vs. Facebook

Believe it or not Google+ has surpassed celebrities status update platform of choice Twitter to take the silver medal in social networking!

googleplus

FACTS:

  • G+ has 343 million active users compared to Twitter which has just under 300 million.
  • 21% of worldwide internet users have Twitter in their tool belt, 25% choose Google+ and Facebook has a whopping 51% market share. As a side note YouTube (owned by Google) is also tied with Twitter with 21% share.
  • GlobalWebIndex (GWI) reported that Mark Zuckerberg’s website hasn’t been affected by “Facebook fatigue” and actually had a 33 percent growth margin in contrast with Google+’s 27 percent growth.
  • In October 2012 Facebook announced that it’s membership surpassed 1 billion monthly active subscribers. Google+ claimed to have reached 500 million users and 135 million active members.

nosharing

In all honesty I’m somewhat surprised. When I first got a hold of G+ I thought it was too bland and wouldn’t ever have a chance against Facebook. Now the latter may still be true for now, Google Plus has definitely carved itself a place at the table and is not interested in sharing dessert.

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Being Sick Is No Fun – Should I Get The Annual Flu Shot?

It came like a thief in the night with one warning day.

Woman with tissue and hot drink

I actually just had a conversation with someone in the medical field if I should go get my flu shot since it seemed like a lot of people are getting sick around me. She simply replied with great enthusiasm, “No! Just take vitamin C everyday and you’ll never get sick”. Now that may have been true and I knew I should have vitamin c everyday anyway, but alas I skipped out for a while thinking I’m invincible even without a flu shot.

Well lucky me, I go to bed one night and wake up feeling the standard scratch in my throat before the big storm hits. Just great… I saw this coming but still didn’t do anything to prevent it. I mean I will try to only buy and drink juices that have 100% of the daily recommended vitamin c, but I don’t always drink them daily anyway. Here’s a little tip: If you want to keep from getting sick you really should have vitamin c spaced out during the day. You can take a massive amount of it in one sitting, but the reality is that your body will take what it needs at that specific time and then waste the rest down the toilet. So spread it throughout your routine to make the best use of this sick preventing vitamin.

Now most times you have it rough and other times you can have it really rough. You know, vomiting, hardcore diarrhea, coughing till you want to knock yourself out and a feeling like your head is about to explode. Personally I prefer not to throw up, or better yet not be sick in the first place! It’s funny how when we get sick we’ll load up on vitamin c and drink fluids as much as possible to combat the damage when if we made it part of our daily regiment the situation probably could have been avoided.

syringe_drop

Of course there is the flu shot. Now this is a touchy subject because regardless of who you talk to you’ll hear a lot of different answers. In fact it’s probably about 50/50 on if you should or should not take the shot. I’m not sure if people saying no to it are just paranoid but I catch myself leaning towards this choice myself. This doesn’t mean you definitely shouldn’t, it means you need to decide for yourself. I know that each year there are reports of people passing away due to influenza especially in the age group of 65+. For information sake, a study in Human and Experimental Toxicology reported that there were 590 fetal-loss reports per 1 million pregnant women vaccinated (or 1 per 1,695) during the 2009-2010 flu season (generally regarded as October-March, though flu symptoms can occur any time of the year).

Businessmen, mothers, doctors and your friends all have their own different opinions on taking the annual flu shot and not one is the definitive answer. As it stands, I think I’m going to try and take daily vitamin c, especially around the flu season and avoid the shot for now. What about you?

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2 Sales Today On Empower Network! Making Money Online

I am jacked to have gotten two sales today on empower! I actually made my first sale 4 days after signing up. Sadly, I didn’t even know because I didn’t get an email and only found out because I logged into the back end to check on something else. I guess by default empower email notifications are all set to unsubscribed so I didn’t get any emails saying I made a sale. For those who are new make sure to turn on email notifications or else you’ll just have to manually check in your back office.

key-to-success

For those of you who have no clue what I’m talking about, I blog and make money doing it. I’m involved in the best paying affiliate available which gives 100% commissions. People I know are already making $30K PER MONTH doing this. Yes that’s someone’s yearly salary in a single month. I’ll probably be along those lines by sometime next year with the team and support I have. This is MORE than a replacement for your day job. This is creating a life that you’ve dreamed of but didn’t realize you can easily achieve. All I can say is that I wish I got involved sooner. Regardless I am happy to KNOW that I’m going to be making a ridiculously generous income dictated by my own energies.

I will be honest and say that even though this is a great system I probably wouldn’t be seeing the success I have without the group I’m in. These are the best guys with honest help, guidance and experience. You could basically say it’s a family aimed at success. Rather than wasting a year trying to figure out the best strategies and making countless mistakes along the way I get to skip past and focus on what really matters. The best part is that this group isn’t just exclusive to me. If you join my team you are also joining the overall group and thus all of our tips, training and guidance!

I’m truly grateful for what I already have and can’t wait to REALLY shake things up. This is just the beginning of the rest of my life.

Come join me and the team today to design the life you want to live!

empowerregister

People Take A Bieber Cleaver To Themselves Over Smoking Reefer

bieber_cut

Just to start I want to clarify that I am not a fan of Justin Bieber whatsoever. In fact, many times I’d hear a song on the radio and ask people what chick is singing this and then be shocked to discover it’s actually a guy. All that aside I’m not hating on him because realistically there’s TONS of artists that have songs written for them or are told to perform a certain style. I guess it doesn’t help that in the beginning of his career he obviously hadn’t hit puberty hence why everyone who didn’t know him thought it was a girl. Everyone listens to different genres of music and that’s okay. Everyone SHOULD listen to different genres or at least I mean you should listen to whatever YOU want to listen to and you enjoy. A lot of people feel like they have to get into a particular artist or type of music because all of their friends do. To each their own.

So Justin smoked weed? Oh no, what are we going to do?! Your Uncle Bob, father/mother, sister/brother, cousin, teacher and countless others might smoke too? Oh, that’s okay. Get real. People smoke and drive and don’t kill other people but thousands of us are killed each month from drinking and driving accidents. Alcohol is legal though. Weed was put here on the earth naturally like many plants. The big difference is that it’s a plant that you can use unaltered and not man-made. Sure you can consider it a drug because yes it is mind altering just the same as coffee is a drug (yet only one of those will land you at one of the main celebrity rehabs). I think the big problem is that it’s pinned the way it is and put on display as an evil gateway drug that will corrupt your life. Once again I’m pretty sure alcohol has WAYYYYYY worse effects. Never heard of somebody overdosing on marijuana. It’s even used and proven to be effective in medical treatments.

safety_scissors

Crazed fans or “Beliebers” are outraged and apparently find that the only way to solve this so-called “problem” is to cut into their own flesh. Now THAT’S a problem. I can’t pretend to understand why someone cuts themselves because I obviously have never even thought about it since it seems so selfish and beyond absurd but I don’t need to take a razor to myself to know that it’s wrong and NO ONE should be doing it. You need help and a lot of people would be glad to aid you. To be so upset that someone else famous or not famous does something that you don’t is ridiculous. Should I take a knife to myself because Joey drinks, and not just that, he drinks WINE?! Realistically he should be able to do a drug that actually WILL devastate your body without people making a big deal out of it. It’s his life not yours. It’s not fair to put that pressure on someone and it’s unhealthy to put any one person on a pedestal in the first place. You will always be disappointed.

Now I know many people will take this contradictory or say something along the lines of, “You said to each their own and it’s his life not yours, so why shouldn’t someone cut themselves”? You’re right, you have all the capability to do it but should you do it at all? Even worse should you do it because of someone else? What does it truly accomplish? If you think your life is so bad or that there’s nothing left, you’re flat out WRONG. If you feel like you’re at the lowest point in human existence than all you can do is go up. Learn an instrument, start a business, heck make a blog! You can accomplish something greater in your life if you’re around compared to not. Maybe you’ll save someone who felt like you did once upon a time. Now THAT is an accomplishment.

I guess what I’m trying to say about cutting yourself and the whole blaming Justin Bieber for smoking weed is: “That shit is wack”.

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